stiff

stiff
stiff1 S3 [stıf] adj comparative stiffer superlative stiffest
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(body)¦
2¦(material/substance)¦
3¦(mixture)¦
4¦(difficult)¦
5¦(door/drawer etc)¦
6¦(unfriendly)¦
7¦(price)¦
8 stiff wind/breeze
9 stiff drink/whisky etc
10 stiff upper lip
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: stif]
1.) ¦(BODY)¦
if someone or a part of their body is stiff, their muscles hurt and it is difficult for them to move
stiff from doing sth
Her legs were stiff from kneeling.
stiff with
Her fingers were stiff with cold.
stiff neck/back/joint etc
Alastair woke with a stiff neck.
I never felt stiff after training until I was in my thirties.
The next morning I was as stiff as a board (=very stiff) .
2.) ¦(MATERIAL/SUBSTANCE)¦
firm, hard, or difficult to bend
a shirt with a stiff collar
3.) ¦(MIXTURE)¦
a stiff mixture is thick and almost solid, so that it is not easy to mix
Beat the egg whites until stiff.
a stiff dough
4.) ¦(DIFFICULT)¦
difficult, strict, or severe
stiff sentence/penalty/fine
calls for stiffer penalties for rapists
stiff competition/opposition
Graduates face stiff competition in getting jobs.
The development plans have met with stiff opposition.
5.) ¦(DOOR/DRAWER ETC)¦
BrE difficult to move, turn, or open
Pull hard - that drawer's very stiff.
6.) ¦(UNFRIENDLY)¦
if someone's behaviour is stiff, they behave in a very formal or unfriendly way
Their goodbyes were stiff and formal .
Parsons gave a stiff performance in the main role.
7.) ¦(PRICE)¦
a stiff price etc is high, especially higher than the price etc of similar things
a stiff tax on cigarettes
8.) stiff wind/breeze
a fairly strong wind etc
9.) stiff drink/whisky etc
a very strong alcoholic drink
10.) stiff upper lip
the ability to stay calm and not show your feelings in a difficult or upsetting situation
Men were taught to keep a stiff upper lip .
>stiffly adv
>stiffness n [U]
stiff 2
stiff2 adv
1.) bored/scared/worried stiff informal
extremely bored, frightened, or worried
As a child I was scared stiff of going down to the cellar.
2.) frozen stiff
a) extremely cold
Goodness, your hands are frozen stiff!
b) cloth that is is frozen stiff is hard because the water in it has frozen
stiff 3
stiff3 n informal
1.) the body of a dead person
2.) working stiff
AmE an ordinary person who works to earn enough money to live
3.) someone who you think is old-fashioned and too formal
His business tactics outraged the stiffs of the UK establishment.
stiff 4
stiff4 v informal
1.) [T] AmE
to cheat someone by not paying them, especially by not leaving a ↑tip in a restaurant
I can't believe that couple stiffed me!
2.) [I]
if a new product, film, show etc stiffs, it does not sell well or fails completely
= ↑bomb
They had a hit in the 1990s, but their subsequent releases stiffed.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • stiff´ly — stiff «stihf», adjective, adverb, noun, verb. –adj. 1. not easily bent; fixed; rigid: »a stiff brush. He wore a stiff collar. 2. hard to move: »a stiff gear. The old hinges on the barn door are stiff. 3. not able to move easily: »a stiff neck.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Stiff — Stiff, a. [Compar. {Stiffer}; superl. {Stiffest}.] [OE. stif, AS. st[=i]f; akin to D. stijf, G. steif, Dan. stiv, Sw. styf, Icel. st[=i]fr, Lith. stipti to be stiff; cf. L. stipes a post, trunk of a tree, stipare to press, compress. Cf. {Costive} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stiff — may refer to:*Stiffness, a material s resistance to bending *Stiff differential equation, an equation that exhibits behaviour at two widely different scales (the differential equations describing stiff materials are stiff differential equations)… …   Wikipedia

  • stiff — [stɪf] verb [transitive] informal to not pay someone money that you owe them or that they expect to be given, for example by not leaving a tip in a restaurant see also working stiff * * * Ⅰ. stiff UK US /stɪf/ adjective ► …   Financial and business terms

  • stiff — [stif] adj. [ME stif < OE, akin to Ger steif < IE * stip , a pole, stick together (var. of base * steib(h) , rod) > L stipes, stem, stake, log, stipare, to crowd, cram] 1. hard to bend or stretch; rigid; firm; not flexible or pliant 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Stiff — bezeichnet: Stiff Records, ein britisches Independent Label Stiff Little Fingers, eine Punkband aus Belfast Stiff man Syndrom, eine neurologische Krankheit Stiff Upper Lip, ein Albumtitel von AC/DC Stiff ist der Familienname folgender Person:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • stiff — stiff; stiff·en; stiff·en·er; stiff·ish; stiff·ly; stiff·ness; …   English syllables

  • stiff — [adj1] hard, inflexible annealed, arthritic, benumbed, brittle, buckram, cemented, chilled, congealed, contracted, creaky, firm, fixed, frozen, graceless, hardened, immalleable, impliable, incompliant, indurate, inelastic, jelled, mechanical,… …   New thesaurus

  • stiff — ► ADJECTIVE 1) not easily bent; rigid. 2) not moving freely; difficult to turn or operate. 3) unable to move easily and without pain. 4) not relaxed or friendly; constrained. 5) severe or strong: stiff fines. 6) (stiff with) informal full of …   English terms dictionary

  • stiff´en|er — stiff|en «STIHF uhn», transitive verb. to make stiff or stiffer: »She stiffened the shirt with starch. –v.i. to become stiff or stiffer: »The jelly will stiffen as it cools. The wind was stiffening as the storm approached. Figurative. He… …   Useful english dictionary

  • stiff|en — «STIHF uhn», transitive verb. to make stiff or stiffer: »She stiffened the shirt with starch. –v.i. to become stiff or stiffer: »The jelly will stiffen as it cools. The wind was stiffening as the storm approached. Figurative. He stiffened with… …   Useful english dictionary

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